Channeling Funds into the Group: IPO Pricing in Business Groups

We demonstrate that business groups use financial intermediaries to boost the stock prices of aliated firms in initial public offerings (IPO). Using a complete sample of all IPOs and all mutual funds in Israel during a four-year period, we find that the participation of mutual funds aliated with the business group leads to economically significant overpricing for those IPOs. We show an increased likelihood of participation of mutual funds in the o erings of related firms and a rapid disposal of those stocks in subsequent trade.

Our findings expand on the tunneling hypothesis by demonstrating that the transfer of resources can come from sources external to the group, such as assets managed by mutual funds, in a phenomenon we call channeling.”

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